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虚拟语气的用法归纳讲解

2019-10-09 11:40:21文/叶丹

虚拟语气包含两种:一种指与事实相反或不可能发生。“虚拟条件句+虚拟主句”的结构都属于这一类。另一种指与事实实际是否发生没有直接关系。

虚拟语气的用法归纳

虚拟语气有哪些用法

1.虚拟条件句的三种基本类型:与现在事实相反、与过去事实相反、与将来事实相反。

2.与现在事实相反,条件从句的谓语用过去式,主句谓语用should(would,could,might)+动词原形。

3.与过去事实相反,条件从句的谓语用过去完成时(had+过去分词),主句谓语用should(would,could,might)+have+过去分词。

4.与将来事实相反,条件从句的谓语用过去式(be通常用were),主句谓语用should(would,could,might)+动词原形。

虚拟语气语法知识

英语中的各种语气:

1,陈述语气:I like apples 我喜欢苹果。(肯定)

I don't like apples我不喜欢苹果(否定)

2,疑问语气:What's your name?你叫什么名字?

Do you like apples?你喜欢苹果?

3,祈使语气:Open the door 打开门

3,虚拟语气:If I were you, I would forgive her如果我是你,我将会原谅她。

虚拟语气结构讲解:

1,与现在的事实相反:从句用过去式,主句用would/could/might/should/+动词原形

例如;If I had time ,the classroom would be so clean 如果我有时间,教室将会更加干净。

2,与过去的事实相反:主句用would/could/should/might/+have+ done , 从句中过去完成时

例如;If I had finished my homework ,I would have passed that test

如果当时我完成了我的做,我就能够通过我的考试了。

3,与将来的事实相反:主句用:should/could/would/might/+动词原形,从句用should do (可能性最大),过去式(可能性一般)were to do (可能性最小)

If it should snow tomorrow,I would make a snowman 如果明天下雪,明天我将对一个雪人

If it snowed tomorrow,I would make a snowman 如果明天下雪,明天我将堆一个雪人

If it were to snow tomorrow ,I would make a snowman 如果明天下雪,我将对一个雪人

虚拟语气的倒装形式

If I had worked hard ,I would have finished it 如果当时我努力工作,我就已经完成它了。

=Had I worked hard ,I would have finished it

If it should snow tomorrow ,I would make a snowman 如果明天下月,我将会对雪人

Should it snow tomorrow ,I would make a snowman

If it were to snow tomorrow ,I would make a snowman

=Were it to snow tomorrow ,I would make a snowman

虚拟语气在各类从句中的用法

1,I lifted the chair so that I could be seen 我举起椅子就是为了能被看见 (状语从句)

状语从句中常见连接词:as if 好像,as though 好像,in order that 为了,for fear that 生怕,

In case 万一 lest 以防万一

2,主语从句:It is +形容词 +that+ 主语+(should+动词原形),should可以省略

It is very important that we (should )study English every day 我们每天学习英语是很重要的。

4,宾语从句;I wish I would visit the moon我祝愿自己能有一天拜访月球。

I would rather you had helped me out two days ago 我倒想你能在两天前帮助我

宾语从句常见句型:主语+常见动词+that+ 主语+ should+动词原形

I suggest that you should do your homework 我建议你应该做你的作业。

表语从句;He looked as if he had been here for many years 他看起来好像已经很多年了。

同位语从句:

I make a proposal that we should hold a meeting next week 我提议下周召开一次会议

虚拟语气常见词汇:demand 要求,require 要求,proposal提议,advise 建议,order 命令,suggest建议

虚拟语气的其他用法:

祝愿:Long live peace 和平万岁

It is (high)time that+ 主语+ should/过去式

It's time that we had a break 我们早该休息了

It's (high)time that we should protect ourselves 我们是时候保护我们自己了。

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